France is home to the first news agency named Agence France Presse. The agency was founded by Charles Louis Havas and it still stands today. It is the third biggest news agency in world, after the Associated Press and Reuters. Ironically, Paul Reuter was one of Havas’ employee before he started his own agency.
Le Monde (The World) is a daily newspaper in France and it is one of the most important newspapers in the world. It was first published in 1944, after German left occupied Paris, but World War II was still going on. It was first printed on the presses of Le Temps, but Hubert Beuve-Méry, editor and director, insisted that it become independent. This way no government or private subsidies had the right to produce its own editorial policies. It covers national and world wide news in depth. The writers have freedom to express their own views.
Le Figaro is also a daily French newspaper and it is one of the greatest newspapers in the world. This magazine was established in 1826 and its content was mostly about political discourse. It is one of the oldest newspapers in the world still being published today. Le Figaro was a pioneer in dividing the coverage and presentation of news into departments and publishing interviews with celebrated people. In 1922 it was purchased by François Coty, who mainly put his political insight which lead to the newspaper’s downfall for a while. After Coty’s death, the new editor Pierre Brisson moved the paper back into leadership position. When World War II began, it was France’s leading daily newspaper.
Notable Journalism Figures
France has had and still has many iconic journalism figures. One of the most prominent journalists was Jean Paul Marat. He was born in Switzerland in 1743, but moved to France in 1759 at the age of 16. He first left to France to study medicine, although many political events that occurred in France, led him to become a journalist. His writing was mainly about politics. The French Revolution gave him the opportunity to come up with new ideas. He began to write about constitutional reform and political equality for all French citizens. He then published his own newspaper, L’Ami du peuple, in which he demanded all nobles to be expelled from the assembly. His newspaper was quite popular among the common folk.
Another well known journalist was François Mauriac. He was born in Bordeaux, France in 1885. He was a distinguished journalist and an editorial writer for Le Figaro, a French daily newspaper. It was founded in 1826 and was published in Paris. He wrote political pieces condemning totalitarianism. He also wrote many novels and in 1952 he won the Nobel Prize for literature.
Albert Camus was a French author, journalist and philosopher. He was a big contributor in the rise of the philosophy known as absurdism. Absurdism is a philosophy based on the belief that the universe is irrational and meaningless and that the search for order brings the individual into conflict with the universe. He was voted number twelve on The Best Writers of All Time and number thirty-seven on The Best Novelists of All Time. He made important contributions in a variety of moral philosophies such as terrorism, political violence, suicide and the death penalty.